The European Commission (EC) issued a Delegated Regulation Supplementing Directive 2018/2021 of the EU RED prohibiting the use of crude palm oil (CPO) or crude palm oil as a biofuel source material in its territory, recently. They argued that that oil palm cultivation has resulted in excessive deforestation. That’s why the use of palm oil for transportation fuels should be abolished.
Indonesia and Malaysia immediately reacted strongly against discrimination of this EU policy. Coordinating Minister for the maritime, Luhut Binsar Panjaitan, states that face trade wars waged by the EU, the Indonesian government is ready to fight it out, all of the cost.
Various measures of retaliation or reprisal being compiled Indonesian government in addressing discrimination EU. Coordinating Minister Luhut even loudly declared that Indonesia is ready to come out of the Paris Agreement alias Paris Agreement on Climate Change.
“When it comes to the environment, the US came out well from climate change . We are firm because it is the national interest, because the little people. President Jokowi in Solo said firm, baseball play, “said Coordinating Minister Luhut in Hotel Ayana Midplaza, Jakarta, Wednesday (27/03/2019).
Climate Change Paris agreement is an agreement within the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change of the United Nations (UN) or the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) regarding greenhouse gas emissions mitigation, adaptation and finance. This agreement is legally binding at least 51 countries in the world.
Coordinating Minister Luhut strong statement immediately responded to harsh criticism nongovernmental Indonesian Environmental Forum (WALHI) . They assess the attitude of President Luhut like the United States (US), Donald Trump. WALHI also asked President Jokowi admonish one of the assistants for rated exceeded its authority.
Indonesia’s tough stance on EU policies discriminate against palm oil is a form of disappointment that accumulates. During Indonesia’s EU drive with standard policy Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) and the Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO). Without the RSPO and ISPO standards, Indonesian CPO will not be able to enter the European market.
Unfortunately, the standard provisions only applied to palm oil, while vegetable oils like soy, rapeseed, sunflower seed to be freely traded without any particular standardization.
Speaking of deforestation and indirect land use change (ILUC), based on the study of the Task Force of Palm Oil International Union for Concervation of Nature (IUCN) revealed that other vegetable oil commodities requires an area nine times larger than palm oil. The total area of land four world commodity vegetable oil (soybean, rapeseed oil, and sunflower) 200.5 million hectares in 2016.
Soybean plantations in the top position with an area of 121 million hectares or 61 percent of the land, but only produces 53 million tons of oil, or one-third of global vegetable oil production. Compare with oil, in an area of 20 million hectares could produce 65 million tons or 40 percent of global vegetable oil production.
The efficiency of oil ninefold seen in production per hectare per year, 4.27 tons of oil, 0.69 rapeseed, sunflower 0.52 tons and 0.45 tons of soybeans.
In accordance Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aka Sustainable Development Goals, the first point is to reduce poverty and hunger. Through the palm oil industry, in Indonesia there are now 20 million people working in the oil sector and 2.3 million more small farmers.
Oil industry proved capable of reducing poverty and move the economic wheel in remote areas throughout Indonesia. Therefore, it is impossible not to fight the Indonesian government is the government’s obligation to defend its people.